Smith, Joseph

(1805–44)
   Denomination Founder.
   Smith was born in Vermont, in the United States of America, and in 1816 he moved to Palmyra, New York. In 1820 he had a conversion experience in which he claimed that God had revealed to him a series of golden plates. These were written in a strange language and were supposedly composed by descendants of Jewish exiles who had fled from the besieged city of Jerusalem in 586 bc and settled in America. Under the inspiration of the Angel Morani, Smith translated these plates and they were then taken up into Heaven. He published this document as The Book of Mormon. Later he produced Doctrine and Covenants, which was to be the fundamental basis for later Mormon theology. He moved to Illinois, where he infuriated his neighbours by his practice of polygamy. With his brother, he was arrested and he was murdered in Carthage Gaol. Leadership of the movement was taken over by Brigham young who guided the faithful over the Rocky Mountains to their final destination in Salt Lake City. The Church Smith founded is now known as the Church of God of Latter Day Saints.
   F.M. Brodie, No Man Knows my History: The Life of Joseph Smith, the Mormon Prophet (1945);
   R.L Bushman, Joseph Smith and the Beginnings of Mormonism (1984);
   J. Shipps, Mormonism: The Story of a New Religious Tradition (1985).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Smith,Joseph — Smith, Joseph. 1805 1844. American religious leader. He founded (1830) the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints and led his congregation westward from New York State to western Illinois, where he was murdered by an anti Mormon mob. * * * …   Universalium

  • Smith, Joseph — born Dec. 23, 1805, Sharon, Vt., U.S. died June 27, 1844, Carthage, Ill. Founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints (Mormon church). He began experiencing visions as a teenager in Palmyra, N.Y. In 1827 he claimed that an angel had …   Universalium

  • Smith, Joseph F — ▪ American religious leader born Nov. 13, 1838, Far West, Mo., U.S. died Nov. 19, 1918, Salt Lake City, Utah       American religious leader, sixth president (1901–18) of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints (the main Mormon… …   Universalium

  • Smith, Joseph — ► (1805 44) Jefe religioso estadounidense. Fue fundador del mormonismo. En 1830 publicó el Libro de mormón que, según él, era la traducción de un evangelio grabado en unas tablas de oro, revelación de Jesucristo resucitado a los judíos que… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Smith, Joseph —    Contemporary painter.    Reproductions: Intercourse with the devil, from Witches by Erica Jong; 1982; Bentley, 1984: p. 47 [B] …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • SMITH, Joseph — (1805 1844)    American visionary and founder of MORMONISM. He claimed to have begun receiving spiritual VISIONS in 1820. As a result of the religious confusion created by competing SECTS he published The Book of Mormon (1830) which he said was… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Smith, Joseph, III — ▪ American religious leader [1832 1914] born Nov. 6, 1832, Kirtland, Ohio, U.S. died Dec. 10, 1914, Independence, Mo.       American religious leader, first president of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Community of… …   Universalium

  • Joseph Smith, Jr. — Joseph Smith, Jr. (December 23, 1805 – June 27, 1844) was the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, also known as Mormonism, and an important religious and political figure in the United States during the 1830s and 1840s. In 1827, Smith began …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Smith, Jr — Joseph Smith Pour les articles homonymes, voir Joseph Smith (homonymie). Joseph Smith Joseph Smith, fils (23 décembre  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joseph Smith, Jr. — Joseph Smith Pour les articles homonymes, voir Joseph Smith (homonymie). Joseph Smith Joseph Smith, fils (23 décembre  …   Wikipédia en Français

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